Thursday, March 26, 2020

Over Half-a-Million Pages Now in the Food Industry Documents Archive!

Food Industry Documents Update:

  • 10,290 new documents were added to the D. Mark Hegsted Papers collection on our Food Industry Documents Archive. This latest batch brings the Food Industry Documents to 575,471 pages in 133,324 documents! Thanks to the UCSF Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies and the Center for Tobacco Research and Education for an amazing collaborative effort to build this archive and to the Laura and John Arnold Foundation for funding our archive and giving researchers the infrastructure to begin investigation into US food and nutrition policy.

Tobacco Industry Documents Update:

Thursday, February 27, 2020FOODTOBACCO

New Food and Tobacco Industry Documents Posted

9,300+ new documents were added to the IDL this week!

4,119 New Tobacco Industry Documents including:

5,198 documents in a new Food Industry Documents collection:

  • We are please to announce the addition of our new Food Industry Collection, the D. Mark Hegsted Papers. Hegsted was a Professor of Nutrition at the Harvard School of Public Health, held various advisory positions within governmental organizations, served as president of the American Institute of Nutrition (AIN), worked with the Nutrition Foundation, and served as editor of Nutrition Reviews. Hegsted helped to draft the original Dietary Goals for Americans, later adapted into the Federal publication, Dietary Guidelines for Americans which recommended adding more fruit and vegetables to the diet and decreasing consumption of saturated fats.

Friday, January 24, 2020DRUGFOODTOBACCO

15 Million Documents and Counting!

This month we posted over 14,000 new industry documents to the site, surpassing the 15 million documents mark. Here's the breakdown of new documents added to the site in January 2020:

12,066 new Tobacco Documents including =

529 new Drug Industry Documents in two new Opioid Documents Collections =

  • Oklahoma Opioid Litigation Documents - selected Johnson & Johnson defendant exhibits and State exhibits admitted during trial in a lawsuit brought by the State of Oklahoma against Purdue, Johnson & Johnson, and other drug companies. The exhibits produced by Johnson & Johnson include agendas, minutes, and transcripts of the Oklahoma Health Care Authority Drug Utilization Review Board; data summaries and confidential reports on opioids, including investigations of use, abuse, misuse, and diversion of specific drugs (fentanyl, tapentadol [brand name Nucynta]).
  • Washington Post Opioid Collection - exhibits entered by the defendants in the Ohio opioid multi-district litigation (MDL 2804) which were unsealed after a legal challenge by The Washington Post and the owner of the Charleston Gazette-Mail (HD Media) in West Virginia. The documents reveal detailed communications, strategies, and reports by drug distributors to evade suspicious order monitoring compliance procedures in order to increase sales and profits from addictive drugs.

2,017 documents in the new Food Industry Documents collection =

  • Franklin Bing Papers - In partnership with the Annette and Irwin Eskind Family Biomedical Library and Learning Center at Vanderbilt University, we have added a selection of personal papers of nutritionist and chemist Franklin Church Bing (1902-1988), a leading food scientist and government/industry consultant.

Season’s Greetings from the UCSF Industry Documents Library!

The UCSF Industry Documents Library staff would like to thank all of you for your continued support and rigorous research into the Truth Tobacco Industry Documents, Drug Industry Documents, Chemical Industry Documents, Food Industry Documents, and new Fossil Fuel Industry Documents collections. Your scholarship has influenced public health policy around the world and produced over 1060 papers and publications using the documents.

Highlights of 2019
14,997,111 documents now up on IDL!

  • Over 52,900 tobacco documents were added to the Truth Tobacco Industry Documents
  • We added our first collection on JUUL Labs
  • We established an Opioid Litigation documents collection in the Drug Industry Documents Archive with more planned for 2020
  • More than 100 new documents were added to the Chemical Industry Documents Archive, including a new collection on PFAS chemicals which were featured in the 2018 documentary The Devil We Know (and are also the subject of the new Mark Ruffalo film Dark Waters)
  • Our Food Industry Documents Archive more than doubled in size, with over 74,000 new documents added this year. New collections include papers of nutritionists Fredrick J. Stare, Charles Glen King, and Nevin Scrimshaw, as well as subject files from the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) and records of the BC Sugar Refining Company
  • We built a new Fossil Fuel Industry Documents Archive to house over 1,100 documents from the Climate Investigations Center’s Climate Files project, which detail the fossil fuel industry's research and reaction to anthropogenic climate change beginning in the 1950s to the present.

Please consider making a tax-deductible donation to the Industry Documents Library to help us add new collections in 2020!

From all of us at the IDL, we wish you Happy Holidays and a Joyous New Year!
Kate, Rachel, Rebecca and Sven
Friday, December 20, 2019FOODTOBACCO

A Final Batch of Tobacco and Food Industry Documents for 2019

Tobacco Industry Documents Update:
160 new Tobacco Industry Documents added today:

Food Industry Documents Update:
11,268 new Food Industry Documents posted today

  • 1291 CSPI (Center for Science in the Public Interest) documents from their Subject Files. This is the final batch and brings the total number of documents in this collection to 12,769!
  • 5,864 new Fredrick Stare Papers
  • We are pleased to announce another new Food Industry Documents Collection - the Nevin Scrimshaw Papers. With the assistance of the Annette and Irwin Eskind Family Biomedical Library and Learning Center at Vanderbilt University, 4113 selected documents were posted today. Nevin S. Scrimshaw was a notable epidemiologist and nutritionist. Educated at both Harvard and University of Rochester, he served as a consultant to the Pan American Sanitary Bureau and then as a Regional Advisor on Nutrition to the Pan American Health Organization. Scrimshaw founded and was the director of the Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama, was a professor at M.I.T. and Columbia University and served as a Fellow at the Rockefeller Foundation.
Friday, November 22, 2019FOODTOBACCO

Tobacco and Food Industry Document Additions Posted!

Tobacco Industry Documents updates:
  • 22 new depositions and trial transcripts from Dr. Robert Proctor in Engle Progeny Tobacco Cases
  • 5 audio recordings of radio advertisements added to the JUUL Regulatory Documents Collection
  • 4 preserved websites added to the E-cigarette Marketing Web Archives collection, including sites for Measure C, Pax and Own It Voice It, a pro-vaping and tobacco advocacy site funded by Reynolds American, Inc.

Food Industry Documents updates:

We are pleased to announce the addition of the new Fredrick Stare Papers collection to the Food Industry Documents Archive.
Through a partnership with the Center for the History of Medicine in the Francis A. Countway Library at Harvard University, IDL has acquired tens of thousands of documents from the Fredrick J. Stare Papers. Dr. Stare was an American nutritionist regarded as one of the country’s most influential teachers of nutrition. In 1942, Stare founded the Department of Nutrition at the Harvard School of Public Health, now the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. In 1978, Stare co-founded and served as chairman of the Board of Directors for the American Council on Science and Health (ACSH), which he served on until his death in 2002. Within Harvard’s nutrition department, Stare advised on, developed, and participated in public information, public education, and public affairs campaigns to ensure that key opinion leaders, the public, and government agencies accepted the conventional food system. This included campaigning for sugar and sugary breakfast cereals and characterizing the public’s fears about pesticides and inorganic fertilizers as unfounded. He fund-raised heavily throughout his tenure in the department, soliciting donations from many food industry corporations and interest groups.

Thursday, November 07, 2019

Celebrating World Digital Preservation Day

Today the international library and archives community participates in World Digital Preservation Day (WDPD) to raise awareness of the fragile nature of digital records and to celebrate digital preservation successes. The event is organized annually by the Digital Preservation Coalition (DPC), a UK-based non-profit focused on digital preservation advocacy, training, and support. This year's activities focus on At-Risk Digital Materials (and, in a growing WDPD tradition, will surely also involve some creative baked goods!)

Screenshot of Tweet by Jaye Weatherburn showing digital preservation-themed cakes and cookies for WDPD 2018

Digital preservation-themed cakes and cookies, Tweet by Jaye Weatherburn

In the digital realm, all materials are At-Risk to some degree. Personal files are frequently lost through hard drive crashes or file system corruption. Community resources hosted in the cloud can vanish as a result of corporate choice (as in the case of Yahoo Groups and Google+) or error (as in the case of MySpace). The DPC maintains a crowd-sourced "Bit List" of Digitally Endangered Species to track particularly at-risk formats and to concentrate preservation rescue efforts on the most vulnerable, such as data stored on magnetic media (like floppy disks and Digital8 tapes.) 

Other factors can put digital materials at risk as well. At the Industry Documents Library we're focused on collecting and preserving digitized and born-digital industry documents which are made public through litigation and public records requests. In addition to general digital preservation dangers, these documents face other threats:

  • Corporate risk management and records retention policies, which allow destruction of documents considered to be non-permanent. The U.S. National Archives recently considered revisions to its records retention schedule for Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)'s Detainee Records, which sparked a passionate debate about preservation, access to information, and government transparency and accountability. As a public agency, NARA invited comments on the proposed changes and reconsidered its original recommendation based on voluminous feedback. Private companies, however, have no such obligation to share record-keeping decisions with the public and set their records retention and destruction policies according to risk management strategies and business needs.

  • Website impermanence: the DC Leaks Coca-Cola Emails collection in our Food Industry Documents Archive was downloaded from a public website in 2016. Shortly after the documents were archived in our library, they were removed from the original site and are now difficult to find anywhere else online.

  • File management challenges: organizing, managing, and maintaining digital files is a time-consuming task for everyone. Without oversight and regular secure back-ups, important files collected by individuals are constantly at risk of being lost, altered, or deleted before they can be saved for future use.

Now, for the good news: at IDL we're working to reduce the risks our digital collections face before and after they arrive at the library, and we have some successes to celebrate this year:

  • Advocating for public access and preservation of industry documents: we supported the efforts of a group of historians led by a UC Riverside colleague to file an amicus brief with the U.S. Federal District Court in Cleveland County, Ohio, which urged the court to unseal discovery documents in the massive ongoing opioid multi-district litigation. Dr. Stanton Glantz, Director of the UCSF Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, also published an opinion article in the Washington Post arguing that lawsuits should "reveal the truth" about industry practices by requiring that documents are made public and preserved in the Industry Documents Library.

  • Implementing persistent identifiers: we worked with the California Digital Library to create Archival Resource Keys (ARKs) for each of the 15 million documents in our collection. ARKs are web addresses (URIs) which allow persistent, long-term access to digital objects. Even if the URL of the library website changes, the ARK provides a stable reference to the document and its metadata which can be used to redirect a user to the document's current location.

  • Generating checksums to verify data integrity: we're generating MD5 checksums for each PDF document in the library, which we'll use to verify that the document remains the same over time. The checksum is the result of a hash function which is run on the PDF file and returns a unique 128-bit hash value, which is stored with the document's metadata. If the hash function is run at a later date and results in a different hash value, this will indicate that the document has been altered and needs to be checked.

Digital preservation is a continuing responsibility for stewards of digital archives, which we try to integrate into our workflows, budgets, decisions, and strategic planning. Celebrating World Digital Preservation Day is a great reminder of the importance in persisting in these efforts so that we can continue to provide long-term access to documents which inform public health research and policymaking. (...Also, did we mention cake?!)